Formation of kolkhozes in Gruzdžiai County
Based mainly on the data held in Šiauliai County archive, the peculiarities of sovietisation in Gruzdžiai Valsčius in 1948-1950 are revealed in the paper.
Most intensively the kolkhozes were being founded in the period from December 19, 1948 to February 25, 1949, when 26 kolkhozes were formed. The collectivisation in Gruzdžiai Valsčius had no specific features. The same methods and means of kolkhoz creation were applied here as in other areas of Lithuania. From March 3, 1950, when Poviliškiai kolkhoz was joined to the Gruzdžiai kolkhoz, the process of kolkhoz enlargement began and lasted by 28 January, 1975, when two kolkhozesTarybinė aušra (Soviet Dawn) and Gegužės 9-oji (the May 9) in Gruzdžiai area joined together and were named after the latter one.
The paper is supplemented with some archive data: The 1945 Gruzdžiai Valsčius agricultural farm registry data, Gruzdžiai Valsčius kolkhozes in 19481949, Number of kolkhoz members and homesteads in Gruzdžiai Valsčius, and Number of animals in Gruzdžiai Valsčius kolkhozes.