Place names in Gražiškiai area (interwar data)
In terms of origin, place names derived from common words were found to predominate, i.e. 399 of them (255 LUs) were recorded. Place names associated with proper or common names of persons are less by one-fifth, i.e. 73 ones (66 lexical units). A very small number of the names discussed originate from other place names; so, 8 land names are derived from the names of villages, rivers and meadows. Also the origin of a small part, i.e. 6 place names (including the structure in some cases) is not entirely clear. In terms of formation, secondary toponyms prevail, of which 327 ones (243 LUs) have been identified. Among the secondary toponyms, there are mostly compound ones, i.e. i.e. 150 ones (111 LUs). The derivatives are fewer established: i.e. 108 ones (81 LUs), the largest part of which is derived from suffixes (87 ones, 72 LUs). Even less plural (pluralia tantum forms) and compound place names are recorded, respectively 40 (22 LUs) and 29 (the same number of lexical units). Moreover, 156 primary place names have been identified (89 LUs).